Dartmouth researchers were awarded $2.1 million during October 2010, including $1.4 million in new and competing awards. View the complete list of awards, as reported by the Office of Sponsored Projects. Here, Dartmouth Now spotlights three investigators and their work.
Mary Albert, professor of engineering
Oregon State University PIRE: International Collaboration for Education, Training, and Research in Ice Core Science (ICETRICS)
Tracking change: Albert’s National Science Foundation-funded project aims to improve understanding of abrupt climate change from evidence in ice cores, by using new high-resolution methods for investigating links between chemistry, microstructure, and gases trapped in bubbles in the ice.
Planning for the future: This project builds on Albert’s past and current research in interstitial transport processes in snow and ice, with application to ice core science. “The possibility of abrupt climate change from current warming is one of the most important issues of our time,” Albert says. “Improved understanding of evidence of the past from ice cores can inform decision-making for the future.”
Teamwork: Albert’s collaborators include Professor Ed Brook at Oregon State University, Professor Jim White at the University of Colorado, Dr. Joe McConnell at Desert Research Institute, and Professor Jeff Severinghaus at Scripps Institute of Oceanography. The team also works with ice core science experts in France, Denmark, Switzerland, and Japan.
Barrett Rogers ’84 Thayer ’86, professor of physics and astronomy
University of New Hampshire Cluster for Integrated Simulation and Analysis of Reconnection and Turbulence
In the lab and beyond: Rogers’ goals are to explore, using numerical simulations and other methods, the physics of plasma turbulence and magnetic reconnection—processes that are ubiquitous in laboratory and astrophysical plasma systems such as the sun, the Earth’s aurora, lightning bolts, and laboratory fusion experiments designed to generate electricity.
High-powered: “One practical goal of my work is to help with the international effort to generate electricity using fusion—the same process that powers the sun,” Rogers explains. His team’s largest numerical simulations are carried out at the National Energy Research Computing Facility, one of the largest computer platforms in the United States.
Teamwork: This project, a joint effort of Dartmouth and the University of New Hampshire, continues collaborative work within Rogers’ research group at the College, including PhD students Dustin Fisher, Ben Zhu, and Evan Miller, and postdoctoral researcher Sumire Kobayashi. Rogers’ co-principal investigator is Amitava Bhattachargee at the University of New Hampshire.
Peter Wright ’64 DMS ’65, MD, professor of medicine
GHESKIO (Haitian Group for the Study of Kaposi’s Sarcoma and Opportunistic Infections) Haiti AIDS Research Training: Models to Implementation
Educational Opportunity: “The grant is one of several to GHESKIO in Port-au-Prince Haiti designed to train Haitian physicians in the epidemiology and conduct of clinical research,” Wright explains. The grant is funded by the Fogarty Center through its International Clinical, Operational, and Health Services Research Training Award for AIDS and Tuberculosis (ICHORTA) mechanism. A major focus is to establish a Master’s in Public Health program at Quisqueya University in Port-au-Prince.
Epidemiology in Action: “The work in Haiti is always changing with the most recent track being to try to respond to their major cholera epidemic,” Wright says. “This is epidemiology in action and will build on the training received through the ICHORTA grant.”
Teamwork: The work at GHESKIO is a unified effort by Wright, Drs. Warren Johnson and Daniel Fitzgerald at Cornell, and the team headed by Dr. Jean William Pape at GHESKIO.